Entrepreneurship 2.0: The Future of Venture Development


Policy makers opine endlessly about needing more financing for entrepreneurs. However, the reality is that there will never be enough capital to satisfy all the world’s entrepreneurial hopes.

Therefore financiers ration money. Lenders reject weak deals, or they lend to startups mainly when loans are well collateralized or guaranteed by strong parties, such as the government. And very few VC-funded ventures, and VCs, succeed. So VCs are very careful and mainly invest after Aha!


Entrepreneurship 1.0 is about finding more dollars for growth. Entrepreneurship 1.0 is focused on “financial shortages” and the need to address this supposed “shortage” with new types of financing strategies and financial institutions to help entrepreneurs get capital. Yet many fail, and the deserving are rejected. When you read about how Steve Jobs was turned down by more than 12 VCs and the Google founders were rejected by a similar number, you have to wonder why high-potential entrepreneurs such as Jobs and Google’s co-founders were failed with so many VCs:

• Did the VCs not invest due to a shortage of money? No, because they did invest elsewhere

• Did they not invest because many entrepreneurs do not know how to get money? Knowing how to raise money can, and does, help some entrepreneurs. But most will not get VC, no matter how well they are trained because their ventures are not seen as offering high returns.

• Did they not invest because they cannot read the future perfectly and can distinguish potential winners only after Aha? Absolutely.

The reality is that many deserving entrepreneurs will not get capital. Luckily for Jobs and Page/ Brin (Google), they were in Silicon Valley where VCs lurk behind every bush waiting to pounce on the next promising venture, and financial angels practically beg total strangers to finance their next idea.


Entrepreneurship 2.0 will be about achieving more growth per dollar – because there will never be enough capital to satisfy all the world’s entrepreneurial hopes, especially in the world outside Silicon Valley.

And before you say it cannot be done, guess what? It has been done. But in the cacophony of all the brilliance emanating from Silicon Valley’s VCs, the point that many billion-dollar entrepreneurs have built giants without venture capital has been relegated to the dustbin of entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurs like Sam Walton and Michael Dell grew without VC. Currently, ventures such as Zara and Under Armor have been built without VC. And Mark Zuckerberg grew without VC until Aha – when he had VCs lined up practically begging to give him money.

76% of billion-dollar entrepreneurs in the U.S., and 91% outside Silicon Valley, used did not use VC. And even in Silicon Valley, most billion-dollar entrepreneurs delayed seeking VC and thereby controlled the wealth they created.

Entrepreneurship 2.0 shows entrepreneurs how billion-dollar entrepreneurs used capital efficiency to grow with limited cash. Entrepreneurship 2.0 is needed because:

• 99.95% of startups will not get VC and 99.997% of all ventures should not get VC[1].

• VC has succeeded mainly in Silicon Valley mainly when high-potential industries are emerging. At other times and other places, its track record is mediocre.

• Few VCs succeed because VCs fail on about 80% of their ventures and only 1% are home runs. VCs with home runs do well. 4% of VCs earn about 66% of IPO profits. 98-100% of them are in Silicon Valley.

• Most entrepreneurs will not get VC from this select group because VCs are very, very selective. VCs fund only about 0.1% of ventures, and about 98% of VC funding is provided after Aha.

• In addition to staying in control of their venture when they got VC after Aha, billion-dollar entrepreneurs also kept more of the wealth created. Among billion-dollar entrepreneurs, VC-avoiders kept 52% of the wealth created, VC-delayers kept 16% while those who got VC early and lost control and leadership kept only 7%.

Entrepreneurs can benefit from Entrepreneurship 2.0 to control the venture and wealth they create.


Corporate innovation has had five waves. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. The strategies of Entrepreneurship 2.0, which can be the sixth wave, can also be used by corporate executives to develop high-potential products with reduced risk.


Based on his interviews with, and analysis of, the strategies of hundred-million dollar entrepreneurs and billion-dollar entrepreneurs, Dr. Rao discusses why entrepreneurs and corporate innovators need to be capital-efficient. Entrepreneurship 1.0 was about finding more dollars for growth. Entrepreneurship 2.0 will be about more growth per dollar.


About Dr. Dileep Rao
Clinical Professor of Entrepreneurship an der Florida International University