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Whether you want to look for an apprenticeship or want to study - in any case, you have to take care of applications and the like early on. Because such positions are also awarded early.
Since apprenticeships usually start as early as August and many degree programs also start around the beginning of September, it's best to start looking for a place in both before you graduate from school. Even if you don't have your school-leaving certificate in your hand yet, you can still apply with your previous certificates or your expected average grade. You can then easily submit your high school diploma or similar later.
For all those who are still undecided which way is the right one for them, we have prepared useful tips in this text. We also list all the advantages and disadvantages of studying and apprenticeships.
Still need help deciding between a degree and an apprenticeship? Here are our best tips:
2. Career Aspiration
In order to be able to decide between a course of study and an apprenticeship, you first have to ask yourself what profession you want to pursue or what area you would like to go into. Often, the desired profession already determines the career path. If, for example, you would like to pursue a trade such as carpentry, then an apprenticeship is a good choice. However, if you are interested in medicine and would like to become a doctor, then a degree program is the obvious choice. However, some fields offer both degree programs and apprenticeships. You can ask yourself whether you are more interested in the practical or theoretical side of the field. Both areas are not always so easily defined.
4. External Assistance
Trade fairs or advice centers can always be a good place to start in order to quickly get information material or even an external assessment of whether a particular study or career field suits you. At career fairs in particular, you get to know people who are already working in the career field and can provide valuable tips and insights. In addition, this gives you the opportunity to already make contacts for the future. Munich Business School also offers student advising via chat.
In summary, it is best to listen to your own needs and strengths before making a decision. The following advantages and disadvantages of apprenticeship and study can help.
This diagram provides an overview of the course of an apprenticeship and the course of a degree program.
An apprenticeship usually lasts 3 years and includes both theoretical learning at a vocational school and practical work in a company. In the process, you already earn your own money, which becomes more each year on a staggered basis. This is called the dual apprenticeship, which is the most common, but not the only type of apprenticeship in Germany.
The word study refers to academic learning at a higher education institution. A university is a designation for all institutes that offer courses of study, i.e. universities, universities of applied sciences, etc. Depending on the course of study and the university, a course of study takes different lengths of time. However, since the bachelor and master system was introduced, as a rule, a bachelor's degree program is designed to last 3 years (6 semesters) and a master's degree program is designed to last 2 years (4 semesters). After each degree, one has the choice to enter professional life or to continue studying. So you are not obliged to do a master's degree after your bachelor's degree.
Apprenticeship vs Study –
Advantages and Disadvantages Overview
|Approx. 3 years
|Approx. 3 years for bachelor's degree, other degrees possible
|Mostly small earnings, rarely fees
|No earnings, tuition fees
|Limited, practical knowledge
|Deeper, individual knowledge about the subject
|Well supervised, but also controlled
|Supervision on request, relatively free and stand-alone
|Rather low, especially in the company
|Can vary from low to high
|At least half of the time practical work
|Variable practical part, mostly more theory
|Concrete occupation, possibility of being taken over
|Broad occupational spectrum
|Mostly limited salary
|Higher salary possible
|Limited career opportunities
|Good career opportunities
Both apprenticeship and study have their advantages and disadvantages, and are therefore not the optimal solution for everyone. But no matter which path you choose or whether you regret the choice, both paths are not a one-way street.
After graduating, you can always start an apprenticeship. And after an apprenticeship, the path to a degree program is just as open to you as before. Often the apprenticeship can even be helpful for later studies, especially if you are going to study a subject in a similar direction. In addition, vocational training counts as a waiting semester and can therefore even be helpful in improving one's NC. And even if your studies don't work out, you still have your apprenticeship to fall back on.
You can find out more about studying after an apprenticeship on our page "Studying without a high school diploma".
For the completely undecided or those who would like to study and do an apprenticeship, there is always the option of a dual study program.
The dual study program combines both types of training and also leads to two degrees. As with an apprenticeship, you usually have to apply to a company and receive a salary from it. In the meantime, however, you also study a suitable subject, the tuition fees for which are paid by the company. By doing both at the same time, you shorten the training time that you would have if you did both one after the other. In addition, you have a good chance of being taken on by the company.
However, a dual study program can also tend to be adapted to the individual requirements of the company and leave little freedom for individual focus as a normal study program can offer.
In summary, it can be said that a dual study program combines many advantages of both sides, but can not get rid of all the disadvantages. Here, too, you first have to think carefully about whether this form suits you.
It depends on the profession you want to pursue. Many professions have a set path that you must follow in order to enter. For example, you must do an apprenticeship to become a carpenter, but to become a judge, you must study law. In that sense, both can be better than the other if they lead you to your desired goal.
However, if you think you'd like to do something with Business Studies or similar, then an undergraduate degree may be a better choice for you. A degree offers a wide range of knowledge that will help you decide what exactly you want to do with Business Studies. It also offers you a wide range of careers that you can enter after graduation.
If you do an apprenticeship, then you need to be sure that it is exactly the profession you have chosen. An apprenticeship only trains you for one profession. But that doesn't mean that you can't develop yourself further with further education and the like.
It is both. The dual study program is characterized by the fact that it combines the elements of an apprenticeship and a degree program. You work in a company and earn a salary. At the same time, you also study at the university. In the end, you graduate with two degrees. More information on dual studies can be found in the appropriate text above.
A study is both at the same time, but actually something completely different.
The study is also called academic apprenticeship, which means that it is a measure to start a profession, but in this case mostly a theoretical one. The practical side of an apprenticeship often doesn't happen much in college, unless you take care of internships and such yourself.
In the study you get a much more extensive knowledge than in a classical apprenticeship, which is why it can also be compared with a further education. In the general use of the word, a study is also a further education after the school education. However, a professional training is something specific and therefore not comparable with a study.
That depends on how you plan your studies.
Generally, an apprenticeship is fixed and therefore dictates when working time, school time or free time begins and ends. The vocational school is usually laid out like the classic school. You have classes with breaks and then free time in the late afternoon. There are also vacations at the vocational school. At the same time, however, you are still working in the company, which can sometimes have completely different requirements. So it can be that you sometimes have to work after the vocational school. Mostly you work 2-3 days a week, the normal 8 hours. In the company you do not have vacations, but normal vacation days, which you can arrange as you wish and the company allows it. It is a good idea to schedule the vacation days during the vacation of the vocational school, so that you do not have to go to school during the vacation.
In the study program, one year is divided into 2 semesters (about half a year per semester). Each semester has a lecture period, which lasts about 4 months and during which you study actively. Depending on your schedule, lectures can start at 8am and end at 8pm. If you are able to create your own timetable, then you can often decide for yourself how much you put on a day within the framework of the study requirements. But if the schedule is predetermined, then care is taken that it resembles a normal working day.
This is followed by a lecture-free period of about 2 months. However, this is not the same as vacation or vacations, because it is for self-study. This means that you have to prepare for exams or research and write essays and papers. The lecture-free time is there to deepen and apply your learned knowledge independently. Depending on how fast you learn or how you structure the writing of your texts, you can allow yourself more or less free time.
So this question cannot be answered in a general way. In an apprenticeship, your free time is clearly regulated. However, you have more leeway in your studies.
At Munich Business School, we offer a variety of bachelor's and master's degree programs tailored to your individual interests and career goals. Discover our practice-oriented degree programs that enable you to gain in-depth knowledge and prepare for a successful career.